This is to be achieved using visual and sound languages that are not explicitly bound by the laws of empiricism and logic, but are rather strategies that emphasise play, dialectics, drama, humour, and ambiguity as paths to evoke autobiographical memory. There is encouraging evidence that scientific researchers are also attempting to open up dialogues and collaborate with artists in order to build on and share knowledge and cast a new light on their own work.
This became evident during my diverse public presentations and informal discussions. New and useful connections have been made to my practice as research, and to its broader contribution to the interdisciplinary field, by engaging with practice and theory as process and strategy rather than paradigm, and with the works of other artists whose thinking has helped me to articulate this approach.
Science communication departments were a valuable contribution in the validation of the artistic practices fig. Berg, Marc, and Annemarie Mol, eds. Durham: Duke University Press. Conway, Martin. Elkins, James. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Kemp, Martin. Latour, Bruno Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Latour, Bruno.
Jones, Peter Gallison, and Amy E. Slaton, London: Routledge.
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Oxford: Oxford University Press. Latour, Bruno, and Steve Woolgar. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Collaboration in Digital Humanities Research – Persisting Silences
Lopes, Maria Manuela. Lynch, Michael, and Steve Woolgar. Cambridge: MIT Press. Snow, Charles P. The Two Cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sturken, Marita, and Lisa Cartwright.
Tulving, Endel. Bower, New York: Academic Press. Communicators of science inside institutions are valuable help once they usually deal with questions related to construction, understanding and promotion of ideas and visual imagery, but also with suggestions for budgeting, financial support, facilities, institutional assistance and public relations, thus transforming the complex logistics into something more attainable. Therefore, in my experience, when a collaboration is established between an artist and a team of scientists the communication of science department should be involved once they may be of valuable collaborators not just by the aforementioned but also due to their capacity of envisioning the translation of languages, and processes into metaphors and in a comparable position as an art curator might ignite the validity and creation of knew knowledge neither in the field of arts nor in the field of sciences.
Once in the laboratory we are not presented outright with the real […] whose existence we doubted. We are presented with another world in which it is necessary to prepare, focus, fix and rehearse the vision of the real […] We came to the laboratory in order to settle our doubts about the paper, but we have been led into a labyrinth , We are so used to privileged access to discursive practices and authority structures that we seek constantly to confirm and validate feelings, understandings and practice via the doctor, art critic, curator or members of the public.
They may include gestures, elements of language, spaces and experiences in time. In order to conduct my research at PhD level, and as part of a bid to establish the validity of fine art research alongside scientific knowledge, it was necessary to bridge ethical chasms between different scientific and artistic disciplines and external research and funding centres.
This represented In terms of science and medicine a permanent philosophical reflection resulting in practical norms, codes of practice and informed consents , while in terms of art seeming to imply a fluid negotiation between subject and object producers, promoters and audiences grounded in volatile agreements that are contextually changeable. Gaining knowledge consists of an active involvement of gesture, talk, gaze, body orientation, and the historically built material world.
Original Research ARTICLE
My installation work is more than an idea of my own story within laboratorial exploration; it is an invitation to the observer to participate, and to explore a specific environment and therapeutic strategies, through processes more or less conducive to supporting the unfolding of an approach to my understanding of autobiographical memory.
It therefore becomes what those re-enacting it want it to be. As my research also interrogates the possible application of neuroscientific practice and inscriptions in a different, more subjective and visual discourse on memory some scientists were more reserved on their engagement with the purpose of the project. Visual artist and researcher based in Portugal and in the United Kingdom. Her current practice is transdisciplinary and is based on issues of memory and self-identity informed by life sciences and medical research, and presented in the form of time-based installations.
She has been working, teaching and showing nationally and internationally since Lopes studied fine arts in Porto and did a master at Goldsmiths College in London. Maria Manuela Lopes. Mapa Introduction.
The artist, the scientist and science communication. Collaboration: breaking down borders. Art as research in the neuroscience laboratory.
Memory and narrative in The Therapy. Texto integral PDF Assinalar este documento. I was the first artist in r Aumentar Original jpeg, k. Aumentar Original jpeg, 84k. Newsletter informativa Newsletter do OpenEdition. Also, they pay attention to professional complementarity when choosing research partners.
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Kronegger et al. They used the small-world model Watts and Strogatz and the mechanism of preferential attachment, also known as the process of cumulative advantage Price , ; Garfield and Merton One dimension of the small world was measured by its clustering level, and preferential attachment was operationalized through the collaboration of researchers within and across disciplines. While the presence of clustering was confirmed in all four scientific disciplines, preferential attachment was more complex than one single global mechanism. The principle of preferential attachment was only partly confirmed in the co-authorship network of physicists: researchers had fewer possibilities to establish new connections with other physicists within the Slovenian scientific community.
This can be the consequence of the saturation of the network where scientific work is organized within the formalized environments around expensive and complicated technical research equipment e. The co-authorship network of mathematicians indicated different characteristics: those scientists who collaborated with scientists outside the Slovenian community and had a higher number of articles published in journals with an impact factor had greater opportunities to establish new connections within the Slovenian mathematical community.
In the case of the co-authorship networks of sociologists, collaboration with foreign scientists brought negative effects for collaboration within the national research community. At the same time, the number of articles with an impact factor had a positive effect on the formation of new co-authorship relationships within the discipline. The dynamics of biotechnologists co-authorship networks did not follow the principle of preferential attachment.
Since the early work of Price , and Garfield and Merton , sociologists introduced several theories regarding scientific collaboration. Here, we focus on the theory of cumulative advantage in science, termed the Matthew effect Merton , ; Price and the theory of small-world structure de Sola and Kochen and their applications to the modelling of the dynamics of co-authorship networks.
In general, we follow the literature in proposing the following mechanisms as influencing scientific collaboration: a network embeddedness: co-authors of co-authors tend to become co-authors; b preferential attachment: authors seek out co-authors preferentially who have already many co-authors; c institutional embeddedness belonging to the same research group and to the same scientific discipline, age similarity may also fall under this heading as it means belonging to a common cohort of scholars who interact with each other more than those of different cohorts and d control variables, specifically age, PhD and gender.
We test three hypotheses concerning the small world phenomenon, preferential attachment and the impacts of actor agency and institutional contexts. The small-world model was defined formally by Watts and Strogatz who introduced an algorithm to construct networks with the following properties: 1 having short paths between any two vertices and hence, smaller average lengths for the shortest paths and 2 incorporating clustering small dense parts of the network.
Research collaboration in groups and networks: differences across academic fields
These properties were later used to identify a small-world structure in co-authorship networks e. In this respect, Perc examined the entire Slovenian system of science for — He focused on the largest component, the clustering coefficient, and the mean distance between authors, all of which are consistent with the small-world model.
He showed also the network in Slovenia is growing exponentially. Here, the hypothesis dealing with the clustering level, the second property of the small-world model, is:. H1 : The co-authorship networks in the Slovenian scientific community have a high clustering level driven by transitive closure processes where co-authors of co-authors become, or remain, co-authors. The idea of cumulative advantage implies that excellent scientists are rewarded far more than others in their field. Said et al.